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Protecting Human Subjects and Institutional Review Boards: An Overview. Year Developed: 2017. Source: Justice Research and Statistics Association. Presenter(s): Ross Hickey, JD, CIP, CIPA; George Shaler, MPH. Type: Webinar. Level: Introductory. Length: 61 minutes.

Annotation: This webinar introduces participants to the basics of institutional review board (IRBs), the need for them and when to submit research protocols for review to an IRB. The webinar, webinar slides, and participant biographies are available.

Learning Objectives: • How do I know if I am doing human subject research? • How does an IRB ensure the rights and welfare of human subjects involved in research are adequately protected? • Participants will learn to "issue spot" where the need for an IRB is likely to arise. • Participants will understand the background and purpose of the relevant human subject research regulations. • Participants will understand how to draft functional IRB protocols and procedures.

Mini-tutorials [on human subjects research]. Year Developed: 2017. Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Human Research Protections. Presenter(s): n.a.. Type: Video. Level: Introductory. Length: Series, various lengths.

Annotation: This series of short tutorials (about 15 minutes each) focus on specific aspects of U. S. Department of Health and Human Services' Office for Human Research Protections (OHRP) human subjects regulations and policy. They include Institutional Review Board (IRB) review criteria, quorum and voting in IRB meetings; membership requirements for IRBs, prisoner research series, and OHRP reporting requirements.

Institutional Review Board (IRB) Challenges in QI & Research. Year Developed: 2015. Source: U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Pratice-Based Research Networks. Presenter(s): Holly A. Taylor, PhD, MPH; Mark S. Schreiner, MD; Alex Fiks, MD, MSCE, CHOP. Type: Webinar Archive. Level: Introductory Intermediate Advanced. Length: 87 minutes.

Annotation: This webinar discusses (1) how to distinguish between clinical research and quality improvement (QI), (2) how to identify the need for IRB approval in the grey zone between QI and clinical research, and (3) how bulleted fact sheets and Q&A sessions for patients enrolled in clinical trials can be applied to quality improvement efforts. It includes a video, presentation slides, and links to critical reference information.

Continuing Education: American Academy of Family Physicians, 1.25 credits

Public Health Ethics Training Series. Year Developed: 2014. Source: North Carolina Institute for Public Health. Presenter(s): n.a.. Type: Online Course. Level: Introductory Intermediate Advanced. Length: Self-paced.

Annotation: The "Public Health Ethics" training series is designed to promote the ethical practice of public health by teaching about the ethical principles of public health and by providing resources for creating an ethical climate in public health agencies and schools of public health. This 8 Module series includes the following topics: • 1-Distinguishing Public Health Ethics from Medical Ethics • 2-Values and Beliefs Inherent to a Public Health Perspective • 3-The Public Health Code of Ethics • 4-Law and Ethics in Public Health • 5-Pandemic Influenza: A Justice Case Study • 6-Decision-making in Public Health Ethics • 7-Barriers to the Ethical Practice of Public Health • 8-Responding to Unethical Events

Learning Objectives: Module 1--Distinguishing Public Health Ethics from Medical Ethics • Describe the common practice settings from which medical ethics and public health ethics emerge. • Explain “the tyranny of the majority”. • Explain why the medical ethics principle of autonomy does not work as well in public health. Module 2--Values and Beliefs Inherent to a Public Health Perspective • Explain how a given value or belief from the list is important to public health. Module 3--The Public Health Code of Ethics • Describe how an aspirational code can guide an ethical discussion. • Describe a situation where a given ethical principle applies in public health. • Identify means of creating an ethical environment within public health organizations. Module 4--Law and Ethics in Public Health • Describe three of the several legal powers given to public health. • Describe an ethical principle in public health that is not encoded in public health law. • Describe how the exercise of any power is an ethical issue. Module 5--Pandemic Influenza: A Justice Case Study • Provide examples of how concepts of justice are applied to anticipated responses in an influenza pandemic. Module 6--Decision-making in Public Health Ethics • Describe how to recognize an ethical issue. • Describe the elements of a fair process. • Describe the steps of ethical decision-making in a group. Module 7--Barriers to the Ethical Practice of Public Health • Identify the facets of human nature and our social environment that are particularly relevant in leading to unethical behaviors in public health. Module 8--Responding to Unethical Events • Describe the range of possible responses to an event that is clearly unethical.

Special Instructions: To access this course, you first need to create an account.

Continuing Education: 0.92 Certificate of Attendance

The Constitutional and Legal Basis for Public Health Actions. Year Developed: 2011. Source: University of Minnesota School of Public Health. Presenter(s): Anne Barry, MPH. Type: Online Course. Level: Introductory. Length: Self-paced.

Annotation: A basic understanding of public health law is essential to the practice of public health across our nation. States and local units of government have unique authority to maintain and protect the health of the people who live within their jurisdictions. However to exercise these powers, we must understand them and use them within the boundaries of the constitution and legal authority. This course will provide some very basic tools to develop a greater appreciation and understanding of the authority we have to protect the public health while maintaining the appropriate respect for individual rights that must be balanced in any of our actions.

Learning Objectives: • Have a basic understanding of the constitutional and regulatory powers in public health and how these powers are applied in public health situations and activities. • Be able to critically analyze various public health situations and activities by balancing the rights of individuals with the legal powers and duties to assure optimum population health.

Special Instructions: To access this course, you first need to create an account

Continuing Education: 1 Certification; 0.1 CEU/CE; 1 Contact Hours

Life Course Nutrition: Maternal and Child Health Strategies in Public Health. Year Developed: 2011. Source: Northwest Center for Public Health Practice. Presenter(s): Donna B. Johnson, PhD, RD, Elizabeth Adams, PhD, RD, Marion Taylor Baer, PhD, RD, Leslie Cunningham-Sabo, PhD, RD, Dena Herman, PhD, MPH, RD. Type: Online Course. Level: Introductory. Length: 75 minutes.

Annotation: This online module, based on a life course framework, is designed to help public health leaders describe the role of maternal and child nutrition in population health and identify actions they can take to create equitable access to healthy foods and food environments. There are three parts to the module: 1) Why Nutrition Matters, 2) The Life Course Framework, and 3) Applying the Life Course Framework. Each of these parts contains several expansive subtopics, a summary, and a “knowledge check” exercise. An additional, cumulative quiz is provided at the end of the module. A glossary and list of resources is also provided.

Learning Objectives: • Describe the role of maternal and child health (MCH) nutrition in the lifelong health of the population. • Access resources for assessment, assurance, and policy development for MCH nutrition. • Identify ways to integrate MCH nutrition within state and local public health agencies. • Apply the principles of the life course framework for population-based public health actions and initiatives.

Special Instructions: Registration to PH LearnLink is required. Click on the “Trainings” link and then the “Courses” link. Scroll down to “Life Course Nutrition: Maternal and Child Health Strategies in Public Health” and click on the title to begin.

Continuing Education: 1.2 hours

Protecting Human Research Participants. Year Developed: 2008. Source: National Institutes of Health. Presenter(s): n/a. Type: Online Course. Level: Intermediate Advanced. Length: 180 minutes.

Annotation: This course is intended for use by individuals pursuing human subject research. It includes 7 modules and 4 quizzes. Topics addressed include the history of human subject participation, including War Crimes, and the Tuskegee Syphilis Study, the three ethical principles made in the Belmont Report, and the informed consent process. Justice, equity and special group consent also are covered, as are risks and benefits of participatory research, the role of Institutional Review Boards (IRB), and clinical trial requirements . The course has been retired as of Sept. 28, 2018; archival materials are available as a reference.

Learning Objectives: • Describe the history and importance of human subjects protections. • Identify research activities that involve human subjects. • Discover the risks a research project might pose to participants. • Understand how to minimize the risks posed by a research project. • Describe additional protections needed for vulnerable populations. • Understand additional issues that should be considered for international research. • Describe appropriate procedures for recruiting research participants and obtaining informed consent. • Identify the different committees that monitor human subjects protections. • Understand the importance of study design in the protection of research participants.

Special Instructions: Registration is required then click on "Registration".

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This project is supported by the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) under grant number UE8MC25742; MCH Navigator for $180,000/year. This information or content and conclusions are those of the author and should not be construed as the official position or policy of, nor should any endorsements be inferred by HRSA, HHS or the U.S. Government.